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Family Law Enforcement Hearings: Agreements to Settle and Trial

Most family law cases generally settle before a trial is reached, and enforcement cases are no different, especially those where contempt is sought as a punishment.

Contempt is basically when a court finds that you have violated one of its rules or rulings (such as those contained in a Final Decree of Divorce). What does a settlement of your Enforcement case look like? We will discuss this topic at the outset of today's blog post.

Resolving an enforcement case before a trial

For this section, I will be writing from the vantage point of the Petitioner- the party who filed the enforcement case. (I should note, however, that the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, represents persons who are prosecuting and defending against enforcement cases.)

Suppose you and the Respondent agree that they should be held in contempt for failing to pay child support. In that case, an agreement must first confirm the amount of child support owed over a specific period plus the accumulated interest.

Agreeing to be found in contempt does not mean that the Respondent will have to serve time in jail, but it would mean that it is a possibility that the arrearage is not paid to you in the period that is stated within the agreement. Typically Respondents sign a Wage Withholding Order that allows the Court to dip into their paychecks from work and automatically withdraw money to pay you the support amounts.

As I frequently state in this blog, it is much better to agree with a Respondent on this sort of subject than to have to proceed to a contested hearing. The reason is that the Respondent can negotiate the terms of his repaying the child support arrearage rather than being forced into a payment plan by the judge.

The Petitioner's Case

If you cannot settle your case before trial, you and the Respondent would bring your issues before the judge. As the Petitioner, it is your responsibility to prove the elements of your case.

This means that it is not enough to assert that child support is owed to you; for example, expect the Respondent to prove him or herself not in violation of the Court's order. Supposing that you are in the Court that has jurisdiction over your case and an Order in effect, let's discuss how to win on two additional elements of your case.

You will need to show the judge that specific court order violations occurred. Typically in a child support case, this is done by providing an exhibit that shows dates and amounts of payments due and what payments (if any) were made.

Likewise, a similar procedure works for you if you assert that the Respondent denied visitation attempts. Your journaling and record-keeping should have exact dates, times, and locations to provide to the judge. Finally, you must tell the judge what punishment or relief you are seeking from them on that date. Whatever relief your attorney sought in your motion will be what the Court can approve on your trial date.

Proving the Respondent had and can pay child support

Depending upon the Court you are in, you may also need to show that the Respondent possessed the power to have paid child support on each occurrence that they did not. If the Respondent believes that he could not pay, he would need to assert that in his pleading and the trial.

Your responsibility would then be to present evidence to the Court to refute that assertion. This includes both past ability to pay and demonstrate the ability to pay. Even if the judge does not need this information to find the Respondent in violation of the order, it may factor into their determination of the appropriate punishment based on any violation(s).

The Respondent's case in an enforcement hearing

Once you have had an opportunity to introduce evidence into the record and question any available witnesses, the Respondent will have an opportunity to do the same.

Since we are discussing the subject of child support enforcement cases, it is the case that if you ever relinquished possession of your child to the Respondent for any periods not ordered in the Divorce Decree, then they will be credited for those periods. This means the judge can diminish the amount of child support arrearages to reflect those periods that the child was in the Respondent's possession.

Frequently the Respondent will argue that they could not pay child support, resulting in missed or partial support payments. The Respondent has to prove that they cannot pay and lack property that could be sold to pay the support as ordered. Borrowing money would also be a viable way to pay support and eliminate the merits of an inability to play defense.

Additional information on the Respondent's case is to be posted tomorrow

We will conclude our series of blog posts tomorrow on enforcement hearings with further discussion of the Respondent's case.

The attorneys and staff with the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, appreciate your time reading our blog posts. If you have questions about enforcement or any other family law matter, please do not hesitate to contact our office. We offer free of charge consultations six days a week where one of our licensed family law attorneys can answer your questions. Our office represents clients across southeast Texas and would be honored to speak to you about doing the same for you and your family.


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Other Articles you may be interested in:

  1. Reviewing your case history is crucial to success in an enforcement case
  2. Texas Family Law Court: Enforcement Actions
  3. How much will your child support enforcement case cost?
  4. The Steps of an Enforcement Case in Texas family law court
  5. Preparing for an Enforcement case in Texas
  6. Defending against an Enforcement Action in Texas
  7. Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Five
  8. Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Four
  9. Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Three
  10. Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Two
  11. Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law: An Overview
  12. Child Support Enforcement Defense - Act Sooner Rather than Later
  13. Can my Texas Driver's License Be Suspended for Not paying Child Support?

Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC | Houston, Texas Enforcement Lawyers

The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, routinely handles matters that affect children and families. If you have questions regarding order enforcement, it's essential to speak with one of our Houston, TX EnforcementLawyers right away to protect your rights.

Our enforcement lawyers in Houston, TX, are skilled at listening to your goals during this trying process and developing a strategy to meet those goals. Contact the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC by calling (281) 810-9760 or submit your contact information in our online form. The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, handles enforcement cases in Houston, Texas, Cypress, Klein, Humble, Kingwood, Tomball, The Woodlands, Houston, the FM 1960 area, or surrounding areas, including Harris County, Montgomery County, Liberty County, Chambers County, Galveston County, Brazoria County, Fort Bend County, and Waller County.

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