Substance Abuse and Child Custody in Texas: A Comprehensive Guide for Parents

Imagine being a loving parent, trying to protect and care for your child, but finding yourself caught in the whirlwind of substance abuse and child custody battles. The emotional turmoil, legal complexities, and ever-present concern for your child’s well-being can be a heavy burden. In this article, we’ll guide you through the winding path of understanding how substance abuse can impact child custody decisions in Texas, and we’ll explore the steps parents can take to address these issues in the best interests of their children.

Picture this: Sarah, a mother of two young children, is in the midst of a bitter divorce from her husband, Mike. Unbeknownst to Sarah, Mike has developed a severe addiction to prescription painkillers over the past year. As they navigate the complex child custody proceedings, Mike’s substance abuse becomes increasingly apparent. This situation leaves Sarah not only worried about her own future but also deeply concerned for the safety and well-being of her children.

This comprehensive and engaging article will dive into the intricate web of substance abuse and child custody laws in Texas, providing a step-by-step guide for parents like Sarah grappling with these challenging and emotionally charged issues. We’ll explore the types of substances commonly abused, the impact these substances have on child custody decisions, and the evidence needed to prove substance abuse in court.

Through real-life examples and a conversational tone, we’ll walk you through the steps parents can take to address substance abuse issues during child custody proceedings, from seeking professional help to working with legal experts. We’ll also discuss the resources available for parents struggling with substance abuse and highlight the importance of support from family and friends in these trying times.

As we progress on this journey, our focus will remain on the child’s best interests. Together, we’ll navigate the complexities of substance abuse and child custody in Texas, offering insights, resources, and hope for parents and children facing these daunting challenges. From understanding the emotional impact of substance abuse on children to helping parents rebuild trust and regain custody, we’ll provide clear guidance and support for those seeking information on this challenging topic.

The Impact of Substance Abuse on Child Custody Cases in Texas

Imagine you’re in the courtroom, anxiously awaiting the judge’s decision on your child custody case. Your heart is pounding as you think about your child’s future and your role in their life. Now, imagine the added stress and fear if substance abuse has become an unfortunate part of your reality. In Texas, as in many states, the impact of substance abuse on child custody cases can be profound, and the stakes are high for both parents and children.

Let’s explore a hypothetical scenario: Jennifer, a successful businesswoman, and her husband, Jake, have been married for ten years. They have a seven-year-old daughter, Emily. Unfortunately, over the past two years, Jake’s alcoholism has spiraled out of control. Jennifer has tried her best to shield Emily from the effects of Jake’s addiction, but she knows it’s time to end the marriage and protect her daughter.

As Jennifer embarks on the journey through divorce and custody proceedings, she discovers that Texas courts prioritize the child’s best interests when making custody decisions. This means that a parent’s substance abuse, like Jake’s alcoholism, can significantly determine which parent is granted custody or how visitation rights are allocated.

Jennifer learns that in Texas, there are two types of custody: joint managing conservatorship (JMC) and sole managing conservatorship (SMC). In JMC, both parents share decision-making responsibilities for the child, while in SMC, one parent is granted the exclusive right to make major decisions. Jennifer realizes that Jake’s alcoholism could lead the court to grant her sole custody, as his addiction could risk Emily’s well-being.

Throughout the custody battle, Jennifer is faced with the daunting task of providing evidence of Jake’s alcoholism to the court. This might include witness testimonies from friends, family, or neighbors who have observed Jake’s behavior and documented instances of neglect or endangerment due to his substance abuse.

As the story unfolds, Jennifer and Jake’s situation highlights the critical role that substance abuse plays in child custody cases in Texas. The court’s ultimate goal is to ensure that the child’s best interests are met, and this often means considering a parent’s addiction when determining custody arrangements. For parents like Jennifer, this reality serves as both a source of hope and a reminder of the high stakes involved in these emotionally charged cases.

Types of Substances Abused and Their Impact on Child Custody Decisions

It’s essential to recognize that not all substances are treated equally in the eyes of the court. While all substance abuse issues can negatively affect a parent’s custody case, some implications are considered more severe than others. For example, hard drugs like heroin or methamphetamine may lead to a parent losing custody entirely. In contrast, a parent who occasionally smokes marijuana may be granted visitation rights with specific conditions.

In one real-life example, a mother who struggled with prescription drug addiction was granted supervised visitation rights until she could prove her sobriety. As she worked through her recovery, she gradually regained more access to her children, restoring her custody rights.

Substance

Potential Impact on Child Custody Decisions

Alcohol

May lead to limitations on visitation or loss of custody if alcohol abuse endangers the child or impairs the parent’s ability to provide a safe environment.

Marijuana

Despite the legal status of marijuana in some states, Texas still considers marijuana use illegal. Use may result in loss of custody or visitation restrictions.

Prescription Drugs

If a parent is abusing prescription drugs, this can negatively affect their custody rights. The court may impose limitations on visitation or grant the other parent sole custody.

Illegal Drugs (e.g., cocaine, heroin)

The use of illegal drugs can lead to severe consequences in child custody cases, potentially resulting in loss of custody or strictly supervised visitation.

Other Substances (e.g., synthetic drugs, inhalants)

The abuse of any substance that impairs a parent’s ability to care for their child or endangers the child’s well-being can negatively impact custody and visitation rights.

This table summarizes the potential impact of different substances on child custody decisions in Texas, emphasizing that substance abuse of any kind can jeopardize a parent’s custody or visitation rights.

Proving Substance Abuse in Court: Gathering Evidence

In order to prove substance abuse in court, it’s crucial to gather substantial evidence. This may include:

  1. Medical records: Documentation of any treatment or hospital visits related to substance abuse can be used as evidence.
  2. Witness testimony: Friends, family, or other individuals who have witnessed the parent’s substance abuse can testify to support the claim.
  3. Drug testing: Courts may order drug tests, such as hair follicle tests or urinalysis, to determine if a parent is currently using drugs or has used them in the past.

Keep in mind that the court will consider the relevance and credibility of the evidence presented, so it’s essential to be thorough and accurate when collecting information.

Taking Steps to Address Substance Abuse During Child Custody Proceedings

If you’re a parent facing a child custody case and struggling with substance abuse, taking proactive steps towards recovery is crucial. Here are some ways to address the issue during the legal process:

  1. Seek treatment: Enroll in a rehab program, attend therapy, or join a support group to demonstrate your commitment to recovery.
  2. Stay sober: Abstain from using drugs or alcohol and comply with any court-ordered drug testing.
  3. Maintain a stable environment: Ensure your living situation is safe and conducive to raising a child, with proper housing, employment, and a support system in place.
  4. Be honest with the court: Be upfront about your struggles with substance abuse and your efforts to overcome them. Honesty and transparency can work in your favor.

Resources for Parents Struggling with Substance Abuse

Numerous resources are available for parents struggling with substance abuse during and after child custody proceedings. These include:

  1. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): This national organization offers a helpline (1-800-662-HELP) and a treatment locator tool to help individuals find appropriate treatment and support services.
  2. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA): These support groups offer meetings and resources for individuals recovering from alcohol and drug addiction.
  3. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): NIDA provides extensive information on various substances, treatment options, and prevention strategies.
  4. Local treatment centers: Many cities and towns in Texas have treatment facilities that provide counseling, support, and rehabilitation services for individuals struggling with substance abuse.

Protecting Your Children from a Substance-Abusing Partner

If you are concerned about your children’s safety due to your partner’s substance abuse, there are steps you can take to protect them:

  1. Document the abuse: Keep a detailed record of any incidents involving your partner’s substance abuse, including dates, times, and descriptions of what occurred.
  2. Report the abuse: If you believe your children are in immediate danger, call the police or your local child protective services agency.
  3. Seek legal advice: Consult with a family law attorney to discuss your options for obtaining a protective order or modifying your custody arrangement.
  4. Establish a safety plan: Work with your attorney and other support networks to create a plan that ensures your children’s safety and well-being.

How Courts Respond to Substance Abuse Claims During and After Custody Hearings

Imagine the courtroom doors closing behind you as you take a deep breath and prepare to face the judge. Your heart races as you think about your child’s future and how the outcome of this custody hearing could change everything. In Texas, as in many states, the courts take substance abuse claims very seriously during and after custody hearings. Let’s explore a hypothetical scenario to understand better how courts respond to these claims.

Meet Samantha and Alex, who are in the midst of a heated custody battle for their six-year-old son, Noah. During the custody hearing, Samantha presents evidence of Alex’s struggle with opioid addiction. She worries about the potential consequences of Alex’s addiction on their son and hopes the court will consider her concerns.

During the custody hearing:

In Texas, the court’s primary concern is the best interest of the child, and substance abuse can significantly impact that assessment. As Samantha presents her case, the judge carefully considers the evidence of Alex’s addiction. The judge may ask for additional information, such as expert testimony from a substance abuse counselor or a detailed account of Alex’s history with addiction.

The court may impose restrictions on Alex’s custody or visitation rights if the evidence is deemed substantial. For example, the judge might require Alex to undergo regular drug testing, attend counseling, or even limit his visitation to supervised sessions until he can demonstrate his commitment to sobriety.

After custody has been determined:

Even after a custody arrangement is established, the court continues to monitor the situation and ensure the child’s best interests are met. In Samantha and Alex’s case, suppose Alex relapses or fails to comply with court-ordered drug testing and counseling. In that case, Samantha can petition the court to modify the custody order, potentially resulting in further restrictions on Alex’s visitation rights or even a complete loss of custody.

On the other hand, if Alex demonstrates a commitment to sobriety and can prove that he is actively addressing his addiction, he may petition the court to modify the custody order to increase his visitation rights or pursue joint custody. In this scenario, the court will evaluate his progress and consider whether the changes would serve Noah’s best interests.

As we follow Samantha and Alex’s story, it becomes clear that the courts in Texas take substance abuse claims very seriously, both during and after custody hearings. The primary focus remains on the child’s best interests, with the court closely monitoring the situation and adjusting custody arrangements as needed to ensure the child’s safety and well-being.

The Importance of Addressing Substance Abuse in Texas Child Custody Cases

Substance abuse and child custody in Texas are deeply intertwined, and the courts prioritize the child’s best interests above all else. A parent’s substance abuse can significantly affect custody and visitation rights. However, by taking proactive steps toward recovery and demonstrating a commitment to change, parents can improve their chances of maintaining a relationship with their children.

In conclusion, understanding the impact of substance abuse on child custody cases in Texas is crucial for parents struggling with addiction. By addressing substance abuse issues, gathering evidence, and utilizing available resources, parents can work towards creating a stable environment for their children and navigating the complex legal landscape of child custody and substance abuse.

Partnership for Family Recovery: Integrating Child Welfare and Substance Abuse Treatment

There has been a growing recognition of the need to integrate child welfare and substance abuse treatment services in recent years. The Partnership for Family Recovery initiative aims to support families affected by substance abuse by fostering collaboration between child welfare agencies, substance abuse treatment providers, and other relevant organizations.

The goal of the Partnership for Family Recovery is to provide comprehensive, family-centered services that address both the needs of children in the child welfare system and the substance abuse issues faced by their parents. By working together, these organizations can help create a more cohesive support network for families struggling with addiction and improve outcomes for both children and parents.

Divorce Settlements and Substance Abuse When Children Aren’t Involved

In cases where children are not involved, substance abuse can still significantly impact divorce settlements. Texas is a community property state, meaning marital assets are typically divided equally between spouses. However, suppose one spouse can demonstrate that the other spouse’s substance abuse led to the wasting or depletion of marital assets. In that case, the court may award a disproportionate share of the assets to the non-abusing spouse.

For example, if one spouse spent much of the couple’s savings on drugs, the court may award the non-abusing spouse a larger share of the remaining assets to compensate for the loss. Additionally, substance abuse can also impact alimony or spousal support decisions. If the abusing spouse cannot maintain employment due to their addiction, the court may consider this factor when determining the amount and duration of alimony payments.

Hair Follicle Drug Testing in Texas Child Custody Cases

In some child custody cases, the court may order a hair follicle drug test to determine whether a parent has been using drugs. Hair follicle tests can detect drug use over a more extended period than urine tests, typically up to 90 days. This type of testing can be particularly useful in child custody cases where a parent’s substance abuse history is a concern.

Suppose a hair follicle test comes back positive. Parents must understand the potential consequences of a positive drug test and take appropriate steps to address any substance abuse issues before the court makes a decision about custody or visitation. In that case, the court may restrict the parent’s custody or visitation rights, such as requiring supervised visits or ordering the parent to attend substance abuse treatment.

Special Situations in Texas Child Conservatorship Cases

In some child custody cases, unique circumstances may require special consideration. These can include cases where both parents struggle with substance abuse or when a child has a history of substance abuse. In these situations, the court may need to explore additional options for determining the child’s best interest.

This could involve appointing a guardian ad litem, who advocates for the child’s best interests, or placing the child in the temporary custody of a relative or foster care. Ultimately, the court will work to find a solution that prioritizes the child’s safety and well-being while balancing the rights and needs of both parents.

Substance abuse and child custody in Texas are complex and sensitive issues. By understanding the potential impact of substance abuse on custody decisions and taking proactive steps to address these issues, parents can navigate the legal process more effectively and work towards creating a safe and stable environment for their children.

The Role of Adultery and Substance Abuse in Texas Custody Cases

In Texas, adultery is considered a fault-based ground for divorce. While cheating may not directly impact child custody decisions, it can become a significant factor when combined with substance abuse. For example, if a parent engages in substance abuse while committing adultery, the court may view this as evidence of poor decision-making and disregard for the child’s best interests.

In such cases, the court may impose restrictions on the parent’s custody or visitation rights, considering the severity of the substance abuse issue and the potential impact on the child’s well-being. Parents must understand the possible consequences of their actions and make every effort to prioritize their children’s needs during the divorce and custody process.

Substance Abuse and Grandparents’ Rights in Texas

In some cases, grandparents may seek custody or visitation rights when their grandchildren’s parents struggle with substance abuse. Texas law allows grandparents to petition for custody or visitation under specific circumstances, such as when the child’s physical or emotional well-being is at risk due to the parent’s substance abuse.

To be successful in their petition, grandparents must demonstrate that they have a strong and ongoing relationship with the child and that granting them custody or visitation rights is in the child’s best interest. The court will consider various factors, including the grandparents’ ability to provide a stable home environment, the child’s relationship with their parents, and the potential impact of the parent’s substance abuse on the child’s well-being.

Co-Parenting and Substance Abuse: Navigating Challenges and Setting Boundaries

Co-parenting with a partner who struggles with substance abuse can be challenging. Still, it is essential to establish clear boundaries and maintain open lines of communication for the child’s sake. Here are some tips for co-parenting with a substance-abusing partner:

  1. Establish a parenting plan: Work with your partner and, if necessary, a mediator or family law attorney to create a detailed parenting plan that outlines custody arrangements, visitation schedules, and expectations for each parent’s behavior.
  2. Prioritize the child’s needs: Focus on providing your child a stable, nurturing environment, regardless of the challenges presented by your partner’s substance abuse.
  3. Set boundaries: Make it clear that substance abuse will not be tolerated during visitation or custody periods and that any violations may result in legal consequences.
  4. Seek support: Reach out to friends, family, or support groups for guidance and encouragement as you navigate the challenges of co-parenting with a substance-abusing partner.

By focusing on the child’s well-being and maintaining clear expectations and boundaries, parents can work together to create a healthy environment for their child, despite the challenges posed by substance abuse.

In conclusion, Texas’s substance abuse and child custody are complex and often emotionally charged issues. By understanding the potential impact of substance abuse on custody decisions, gathering evidence, addressing the problem proactively, and utilizing available resources, parents can better navigate the legal process and work towards creating a stable and nurturing environment for their children. The ultimate goal is to prioritize the child’s best interests, ensuring they are protected and supported throughout their parents’ recovery journey.

Recovery and Rebuilding Trust: Regaining Custody After Substance Abuse

Recovering from substance abuse and rebuilding trust with your children and the court system can be a difficult process. Still, it is possible to regain custody or visitation rights after addressing addiction issues. Here are some steps you can take to improve your chances of regaining custody:

  1. Seek professional help: Enroll in a substance abuse treatment program and commit to your recovery journey. Demonstrating that you are taking steps to overcome addiction will show the court that you are serious about change and dedicated to providing a stable environment for your child.
  2. Attend support group meetings: Regularly attending meetings like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA) can provide you with a supportive community that understands the challenges of recovery and can help you stay accountable.
  3. Maintain a stable lifestyle: Establishing a consistent routine, securing stable employment, and maintaining a safe living environment are all factors the court will consider when determining whether to grant custody or visitation rights.
  4. Stay involved in your child’s life: Make an effort to remain involved in your child’s activities and education, even if your visitation rights are limited. Maintaining a relationship with your child and staying informed about their well-being will demonstrate your commitment to being a responsible and involved parent.
  5. Comply with court orders: If the court requires you to complete drug tests, attend counseling, or follow other mandates, comply fully. Noncompliance could jeopardize your chances of regaining custody or visitation rights.

It is important to remember that rebuilding trust takes time and patience. Stay committed to your recovery, be honest with yourself and others about your progress, and keep your child’s best interests at heart. Demonstrating a consistent commitment to change and improvement will increase your chances of regaining custody and rebuilding a healthy relationship with your child.

The Emotional Impact of Substance Abuse on Children: Supporting Your Child’s Emotional Well-being

Substance abuse can have a profound emotional impact on children, often leading to feelings of confusion, insecurity, and fear. As a parent, addressing your child’s emotional well-being during the custody process and throughout your recovery journey is essential. Here are some ways to support your child emotionally:

  1. Encourage open communication: Create a safe space for your child to express their feelings and concerns about your substance abuse and the changes in their life. Listen actively and validate their emotions while also providing reassurance and support.
  2. Be honest about your recovery: Be open and honest with your child about your addiction and commitment to recovery. Age-appropriate explanations can help your child understand the situation and know that you are working to improve.
  3. Seek professional help if needed: If your child is struggling emotionally, consider seeking the use of a therapist or counselor who specializes in working with children affected by substance abuse.
  4. Maintain routines and structure: Establishing consistent routines and expectations can provide a sense of stability and predictability for your child, helping them to feel more secure during this challenging time.

Supporting your child’s emotional well-being is an essential component of the recovery process. It will contribute to a healthier, more stable family dynamic as you work towards rebuilding your relationship and regaining custody.

The complexities of substance abuse and child custody in Texas can feel overwhelming, but by understanding the potential impact on custody decisions, gathering evidence, addressing the issue proactively, and utilizing available resources, parents can navigate the legal process more effectively. Ultimately, the focus should always be on the child’s best interests, ensuring they are protected and supported throughout the recovery journey.

Collaborative Divorce and Mediation: Alternative Approaches to Addressing Substance Abuse in Child Custody Cases

Parents may sometimes pursue a collaborative divorce or mediation as an alternative to traditional litigation in addressing substance abuse and child custody issues. These approaches can provide a more amicable and cooperative environment for discussing custody arrangements while still prioritizing the child’s best interests.

Collaborative Divorce: In a collaborative divorce, parents work with their respective attorneys and other professionals, such as therapists or child specialists, to develop a mutually agreed-upon custody arrangement. This process allows for open communication and negotiation, aiming to reach a resolution that benefits all parties involved. If a parent struggles with substance abuse, the collaborative divorce process can encourage a proactive approach to addressing the issue and meeting the child’s best interests.

Mediation: Mediation involves a neutral third party, a mediator, who helps guide the parents through discussions and negotiations surrounding custody and visitation arrangements. This process encourages open communication and problem-solving, allowing parents to voice their concerns and work towards a mutually beneficial solution. Mediation can be constructive in cases involving substance abuse, as it provides a non-adversarial environment for parents to address the issue and develop a plan that prioritizes the child’s well-being.

Both collaborative divorce and mediation offer an alternative to traditional litigation that can be less contentious and more focused on finding solutions that work for all parties involved. For parents struggling with substance abuse, these approaches can provide a supportive environment for addressing addiction issues and working towards a custody arrangement that prioritizes the child’s best interests.

The Role of Family and Friends in Supporting Parents and Children Affected by Substance Abuse

Family and friends can play a crucial role in supporting both parents and children affected by substance abuse during child custody cases. Here are some ways that loved ones can provide support:

  1. Offer emotional support: Be a listening ear and a shoulder to lean on for both the parent struggling with substance abuse and the child affected by it. Encourage open communication and validate their feelings and experiences.
  2. Assist with practical matters: Help with childcare, transportation, or household tasks as needed, mainly if the parent attends treatment or support group meetings.
  3. Stay informed: Learn about substance abuse, recovery, and the legal aspects of child custody in Texas to understand better the challenges faced by the family and provide informed support.
  4. Encourage recovery: Support the parent’s recovery journey by acknowledging their progress and encouraging them to continue working towards sobriety and improved parenting.
  5. Support the child’s emotional well-being: Be a positive, stable presence in the child’s life and offer reassurance and comfort during this challenging time.

The support of family and friends can be invaluable for parents and children affected by substance abuse, providing a foundation of understanding, encouragement, and stability as they navigate the complexities of child custody and recovery.

Final Thoughts: Prioritizing the Best Interests of the Child in Texas Substance Abuse and Child Custody Cases

As we reach the end of our journey exploring substance abuse and child custody in Texas, it’s important to remember the human element behind each story. Like those we’ve encountered in our examples, every parent faces unique challenges and emotional struggles. Yet, they all share a common thread: a deep concern for the well-being of their children and a desire to do what’s best for them, even in the most trying circumstances.

Let’s revisit Sarah, Jennifer, Samantha, and Alex, who each navigated the complex world of child custody and substance abuse. Through their experiences, we’ve learned about the various factors that impact custody decisions in Texas and the crucial role substance abuse can play in these cases. We’ve discovered the importance of evidence, the resources available to parents, and the resilience needed to confront addiction head-on.

Throughout this article, we’ve used a conversational tone and storytelling techniques to create a comprehensive and engaging guide that provides a sense of empathy and understanding for those facing similar challenges. As we conclude, we hope you walk away feeling more informed and prepared to navigate the complexities of substance abuse and child custody in Texas.

Remember, the child’s best interests are at the heart of every custody decision, and ensuring their safety and well-being is paramount. This journey can be challenging, but with the right support, resources, and determination, parents can find the strength to overcome substance abuse and build a brighter future for their children.

In the end, the stories of Sarah, Jennifer, Samantha, and Alex are powerful reminders that, despite the obstacles and pain that substance abuse and custody battles may bring, there is always hope for healing, growth, and a better tomorrow for both parents and children.

Book an appointment with Law Office of Bryan Fagan using SetMore

Ebook

undefined If you want to know more about what you can do, CLICK the button below to get your FREE E-book: “Child Custody E-Book”

Other Articles you may be interested in:

  1. Child Protective Services Investigation- What to expect and how to handle the situation
  2. Child Protective Services Investigation- What to expect and how to handle the situation, Part 2
  3. Child Protective Services Investigation- What to expect and how to handle the situation, Part 3
  4. Child Protective Services: Investigation Essentials for Texas Families
  5. Protective Orders in Texas Family Law Cases
  6. What Is “Malicious Parent Syndrome?”
  7. What Does 50-50 Custody Look Like in Texas?
  8. What is The Most Common Custody Arrangement in Texas?
  9. Parental Alienation and its Impact on Custody in Texas: A Comprehensive Guide
  10. A Tale of Two Parents: Enforcing Child Custody Orders in Texas
  11. Mental Health Considerations in Custody Cases in Texas: The Inside Story
  12. Substance Abuse and Child Custody in Texas: A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
  13. Can a possession order be affected by the mental health problems of a parent?
  14. What makes a mother unfit?
  15. Divorcing from an Abusive Spouse in Texas: What you Need to Know
  16. Methods of communication for divorced parents

Categories: Child Custody

Share this article

Category

Categories

Related Articles

Legal Remedies: How Texas Addresses Cyber Bullying and Ensures Online Safety

The Evolution of Legislation: Tracing the Development of Texas Cyber Bullying Laws

Navigating the Divorce Spectrum: Understanding Contested vs Uncontested Divorce

Dirty Divorce Tricks Series: Using Children as Weapons

The Road to Clarity Parental Rights and Child Custody in Texas

Las Vegas Under Fire: Survival Of Campus Shooting

Contact Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC Today!

At the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, the firm wants to get to know your case before they commit to work with you. They offer all potential clients a no-obligation, free consultation where you can discuss your case under the client-attorney privilege. This means that everything you say will be kept private and the firm will respectfully advise you at no charge. You can learn more about Texas divorce law and get a good idea of how you want to proceed with your case.

Office Hours

Mon-Fri: 8 AM – 6 PM Saturday: By Appointment Only

"(Required)" indicates required fields