Contempt means when a person has been disobedient or fails to follow the rules of a court. If you are found to be in contempt of court, there are consequences that you would face. Let's discuss the types of hate and, therefore, the punishments that can be applied against you.
The two types of contempt applicable in an enforcement case
There are two types of hatred- criminal and civil, and both can apply in an enforcement case. Suppose you speak to an attorney and discuss criminal contempt. In that case, this means that the punishment applicable for violating a court order (such as a Final Decree of Divorce) is spending up to 180 days in jail and a fine not to exceed $500 per violation.
Civil contempt's penalties carry punishments that would last for a more indefinite length of time. The end of a civil contempt penalty usually occurs when the person being held in contempt either abide fully in the order (gets caught up on child support payments, for example) or stops doing what they are ordered not to do in an order (failing to drop off a child after visitation at the time stated in a divorce decree, for example).
Serving your enforcement motion upon the Respondent
In an enforcement case, if you are the party filing the motion for enforcement, you will be known as the Petitioner, and the other party will be known as the Respondent. Personal service is necessary in an enforcement case.
This means that you must file your motion along with an order from the court that tells the Respondent when and where to appear for a hearing. Depending on the court you are in, you may have to prepare your order, or the court itself will attach a charge to your motion to be served.
You and your attorney must serve a Notice on the Respondent at least ten days before the hearing to be held. Fear not if the ten days have not been provided. You and your attorney, along with the Respondent, would appear at the hearing as scheduled and notify the court of the lack of Notice.
The judge would have the Respondent take an oath that they swear to come back to court to provide the requisite Notice at a future date. If the Respondent fails to appear at that date, a capias may be issued against them that allows for their arrest to occur.
Serving your enforcement motion upon the Respondent
Because there are criminal contempt possibilities in an enforcement case, the Respondent can be appointed an attorney if they qualify as needy. If your Respondent waives their right to counsel, your attorney and the Respondent can engage in negotiations directly to settle your case.
Depending upon the court you are in, a Respondent has varying chances of being determined to be indigent. Harris County's factors are not necessarily the same as in Fort Bend County and vice versa.
If your Respondent is determined to be a needy person, an attorney will be appointed to represent them. The new attorney will be provided with a ten-day window to prepare for your enforcement trial.
What if the Respondent does not show up for the hearing?
Suppose that you and your attorney prepare diligently for your hearing, but the Respondent does not show up. You've correctly served them, the court's record reflects that good service was accomplished, and still, nobody has arrived at the courthouse.
A capias would then be issued that allow them to be arrested for violating the court's order to appear on that date. Once stopped, the Respondent will be brought before the judge within a day of their arrest, and they may not be in custody for any longer than five days.
When it comes to child support, how much is owed?
It is pretty straightforward when it comes to missed child support payments. If your ex-spouse misses a child support payment, then that in and of itself is a final judgment where the payment amount, as well as interest, becomes due. In an enforcement hearing, your court would review and confirm the amount owing as far as an arrearage is concerned and render a judgment based on that figure.
Your attorney will have already calculated the arrearage judgment you will all be requesting. To do this, they will take the total amount of child support due and subtract the total payments (if any) made during that same period.
An interest rate of six percent will be applied as well. If the Respondent has become current in their child support payments since the Notice was served, they cannot be held in contempt. However, attorney's fees and court costs can still be applied against them to make you whole for having had to file the lawsuit.
Attempts to settle an enforcement and the trial itself- tomorrow's blog post topics
Please come back tomorrow to read more about the subject of family law enforcement cases in Texas. We will get into the methods utilized to reach an agreement in an enforcement case, avoiding court altogether. Should an agreement not be called, a trial will occur, which will be discussed.
If you have any questions in the meantime, please do not hesitate to contact the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC. We offer free-of-charge consultations where a licensed family law attorney can answer your questions.
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Other Articles you may be interested in:
- Reviewing your case history is crucial to success in an enforcement case
- Texas Family Law Court: Enforcement Actions
- How much will your child support enforcement case cost?
- The Steps of an Enforcement Case in Texas family law court
- Preparing for an Enforcement case in Texas
- Defending against an Enforcement Action in Texas
- Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Five
- Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Four
- Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Three
- Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law, Part Two
- Enforcement Suits in Texas Family Law: An Overview
- Child Support Enforcement Defense - Act Sooner Rather than Later
- Can my Texas Driver's License Be Suspended for Not paying Child Support?
Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC | Tomball, Texas Enforcement Lawyers
The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, routinely handles matters that affect children and families. If you have questions regarding order enforcement, it's essential to speak with one of our Tomball, TX EnforcementLawyers right away to protect your rights.
Our enforcement lawyers in Tomball, TX, are skilled at listening to your goals during this trying process and developing a strategy to meet those goals. Contact the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC by calling (281) 810-9760 or submit your contact information in our online form. The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC handles enforcement cases in Tomball, Texas, Cypress, Klein, Humble, Kingwood, Tomball, The Woodlands, Houston, the FM 1960 area, or surrounding areas, including Harris County, Montgomery County, Liberty County, Chambers County, Galveston County, Brazoria County, Fort Bend County, and Waller County.