As we begin to approach the final weeks of 2017, you may be thinking ahead to the Holiday season and everything that still has to be done. Presents to be purchased, decorations to put up, and coordinating your own and your children's holiday get-togethers. This is undoubtedly a time of looking ahead and anticipation.
On the other hand, some of you may be looking back on the year and considering what you intended to do but for whatever reason was not able to achieve. Maybe you wanted to get a promotion at work, but your boss never made an offer. It could be that you tried to run a half-marathon but hurt your knee during summer training. Or, you may be thinking about the promise you made to yourself to move towards divorce from your spouse that hasn't happened yet.
Filing for divorce is something that you should only consider after a lot of careful thought. However, all the detailed study in the world isn't going to lead you towards the steps of filing for and achieving a successful divorce in Texas. The attorneys with the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, would like to share with you the process of filing for and going through a divorce in Texas.
Starting the Divorce- Drafting an Original Petition for Divorce
Divorces are like snowflakes- no two are the same. Your divorce will not look like your neighbor's or your second cousin's. However, the basic steps and processes will be the same for everyone once the divorce starts.
Your divorce will begin when you file an Original Petition for Divorce. Of course, your spouse could also file for divorce against you, but I will write this blog post from the perspective of you being the filing party. There is no specific length that your Petition has to be, but the document must contain information about the identity of yourself and your spouse as well as your children (if you have any). It is advisable to have an attorney draft the Petition as certain counties may have particular rules about what they prefer to be included in a petition.
Your Petition must include the grounds you are citing for requesting the divorce. The majority of divorces are initiated due to discord or conflict of personalities between spouses- basically that you and your spouse could not get along and that there is no chance for a reconciliation. If there are children involved, you must state if you will be requesting to become the child's primary conservator. Finally, you must specify how your marital estate will be divided up before the conclusion of the divorce. It is the practice of our attorneys always to make note that our clients own specific separate property that is not subject to division.
The Original Petition for Divorce is a fundamental, abbreviated document in most cases. Courts don't require much specificity to the record other than the requirements I listed in the previous paragraph. Once your attorney has drafted the Petition, they will sign and file it with the court clerk in your county.
Serving the Petition on your spouse
So you've hired yourself an attorney, drafted your Original Petition, and have successfully filed it with the court's clerk. Your divorce has now officially begun. The next step in the process is to inform your spouse of this by serving them with the Petition.
Your spouse must have "notice" of your having filed for divorce in order so that they can muster a response and have their rights represented in the legal proceedings. You and your attorney will hire a process server or law enforcement officer to retrieve your Petition from the court's clerk and physically hand the paperwork to your spouse. This is called "service." Along with the Petition, the clerk will prepare a citation letting your spouse know that they have been sued for divorce and that an answer is due by a specific time from the moment they are given notice of the divorce.
Along with the Petition, there may be a temporary restraining order that has been drafted by your lawyer that is served along with the Petition. These temporary orders are intended to keep the peace during the initial weeks of the divorce until either a temporary orders hearing is conducted, or you and your spouse settle on temporary orders in mediation.
By "keep the peace," I mean that both of you will be forbidden from removing your children from school, harming the property of one another and taking out loans, or racking up debt during the initial weeks of the divorce. People are capable of pretty strange behavior during a divorce, so these protections are needed more often than you may think.
How must your spouse respond to your Original Petition?
Once you have served your spouse with a Petition for Divorce, they have twenty days (give or take a few days) to respond to your Petition with what is called an Answer. An Answer, much like your Petition, is not an overly detailed document. Its primary function is to operate as a formal response to your Petition so that a default judgment cannot be taken against your spouse. A default judgment can occur if your Petition goes un-responded to for a certain period. You then have an option to proceed to court without your spouse and request orders based on your preferences. However, most of the time, your spouse will respond by emailing or faxing an Answer to your attorney.
The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC- Advocates for southeast Texas families
I hope you now have a better understanding of the initial phases of a divorce case in Texas. If you are considering a divorce, please contact the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC. Our attorneys represent clients across southeast Texas and would be honored to do the same for you and your family. Please get in touch with us today to set up a free-of-charge consultation.
If you want to know more about what you can do, CLICK the button below to get your FREE E-book: "16 Steps to Help You Plan & Prepare for Your Texas Divorce"
Other Articles you may be interested in:
- Why is Separate Property Important and How to Keep it Separate in a Texas Divorce?
- What Wikipedia Can't Tell you About Texas Divorce and Marital Property Division
- Texas Divorce Property Division Enforcement
- Separate Property in a Texas Divorce?
- Does it Matter Whose Name is on Title or Deed of Property in a Divorce in Texas?
- Is Social Security Considered Separate Property in a Texas Divorce
- Business Owners and Business Assets in a Texas Divorce
- What to do when your divorce decree does not include a marital asset?
- High Net Worth Divorce / High Asset Divorce
- Geographic Restrictions in Child Visitation Orders in Texas
Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC | Houston, Texas Divorce Lawyers
The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, routinely handles matters that affect children and families. If you have questions regarding divorce, it's essential to speak with one of our Houston, TX, Divorce Lawyers right away to protect your rights.
Our divorce lawyers in Houston, TX, are skilled at listening to your goals during this trying process and developing a strategy to meet those goals. Contact the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC by calling (281) 810-9760 or submit your contact information in our online form. The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, handles Divorce cases in Houston, Texas, Cypress, Klein, Humble, Kingwood, Tomball, The Woodlands, the FM 1960 area, or surrounding areas, including Harris County, Montgomery County, Liberty County, Chambers County, Galveston County, Brazoria County, Fort Bend County, and Waller County.