Spousal support or maintenance, as it is sometimes referred to, is when one spouse supports another spouse financially after a divorce has occurred. If you can prove to a court that you have circumstances in place that will prevent you from earning an income sufficient to provide for yourself, then you have an opportunity to be awarded spousal support.
If you are caring for a disabled child, are disabled yourself, or have little ability or job experience to earn an income due to circumstances related to your marriage. You may be in line to receive spousal support.
Conservatorship of your child
When people come into the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, to discuss their divorce ten times out of 10, they will use the word "custody" when it comes to their child. I do the same thing, and most attorneys do as well. Would it surprise you to learn, then, that the word custody does not appear in the Texas Family Code even one time?
The word that the Code uses that most closely approximates what the term custody means is called conservatorship. Conservatorship refers to the relationship between a child and their parents. Issues like the support of the children, Access, and possession, and visitation are all taken into consideration when the court determines orders related to the conservatorship of your child.
You are dividing up the rights and duties you have as a parent, similar to how you and your spouse divide up your community estate.
There is no "one size fits all" order that a judge can hand down, and there are certain circumstances in play related to your children that would make it ideal for you and your spouse to hammer out your breakdown. A creative solution works best for most families, compared to having a judge make a pretty cookie-cutter ruling.
Managing vs. Possessory Conservators
For the most part, you can expect to be named either a possessory conservator or a managing conservator of your children after your divorce concludes. While the time breakdown that each kind of conservator gets to spend with their children is not much different, the rights and duties of each can be significantly other.
Essentially- if you are named the managing conservator, your child will be residing with you primarily, and you will have more right to make decisions on their behalf. If you are named the possessory conservator, you will have visitation on the weekends with your children and have a reduced daily role in decision-making. Let's discuss each role in greater detail.
As a managing conservator, your primary advantage over the possessory conservator is that you have the right to determine your child's primary residence and the right to receive child support. The majority of decision-making responsibility is placed on you, which means that you can make the lion's share of decisions regarding educational, medical, and other vital issues related to raising your child.
As a possessory conservator, you are still provided with rights to your child but on a reduced level. Your times of possession with the child will be more sporadic than the managing conservator as well. Finally, you will likely be ordered to pay child support to your ex-spouse to provide for your child when you do not have them.
Joint Managing Conservatorship vs. Sole Managing Conservatorship
There is a presumption in Texas that naming parents as joint managing conservators is in the child's best interests, absent fairly extreme circumstances like abuse or neglect. Suppose you are named as a sole managing conservator. In that case, you can determine your child's primary residence and hold almost all of the rights associated with making decisions for them. The possessory conservator has some right to possess the children and make decisions (possibly), but those rights are significantly restricted.
For the most part, parents in Texas divorces are named joint managing conservators. It is the public policy of our state that a child should have a long-lasting and strong relationship with both parents, and calling parents as joint managing conservators seek to further that goal. This does not mean that both parents will share visitation, possession, Access, and conservatorship rights equally- but these issues will be essentially split down the middle more so than in a sole managing conservatorship.
Possession and Access to your child
To avoid issues and disputes regarding who should own your child at a particular time, a schedule will be outlined in your final decree of divorce, which details a possession schedule. Every day of the year is accounted for. That's not to say that you and your spouse cannot deviate from this schedule by agreement, but in any event, it acts as a fallback to rely upon.
If you are the parent with the right to designate your child's primary residence, then you will be able to have your child at all times not explicitly provided for in your Divorce Decree. Your spouse will be awarded specific periods of visitation that will be named explicitly in your divorce decree. If you've heard of the term "visitation rights," this is what that term refers to.
The Standard Possession Order and Child Support- tomorrow's blog topics
Stay tuned with us tomorrow when we will go over the Standard Possession Order and child support in greater detail.
Thank you for showing an interest in the topic of divorce in Texas. Questions about your particular situation can be addressed to one of our licensed family law attorneys in a free-of-charge consultation. Please get in touch with us today to set up an appointment to learn more about divorce or any other subject in Texas family law.
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Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC | Houston, Texas Divorce Lawyers
The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, routinely handles matters that affect children and families. If you have questions regarding divorce, it's essential to speak with one of our Houston, TX, Divorce Lawyers right away to protect your rights.
Our divorce lawyers in Houston, TX, are skilled at listening to your goals during this trying process and developing a strategy to meet those goals. Contact the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC by calling (281) 810-9760 or submit your contact information in our online form. The Law Office of Bryan Fagan, PLLC, handles Divorce cases in Houston, Texas, Cypress, Klein, Humble, Kingwood, Tomball, The Woodlands, Houston, the FM 1960 area, or surrounding areas, including Harris County, Montgomery County, Liberty County, Chambers County, Galveston County, Brazoria County, Fort Bend County, and Waller County.