Understanding the Mechanisms and Risks of Voter Fraud

Texas State Laws for Primary Elections

Open Primaries: Texas uses open primaries, meaning a voter does not have to be registered as a member of a party to participate in its primary. Voters in Texas must sign a pledge when voting in a primary, declaring that they will not vote in another party’s primary in the same year. Winners in primary elections in Texas are determined by a majority vote. If no candidate receives more than 50% of the votes cast, the top two candidates proceed to a runoff election.

Recent Legislation

Senate Bill 1750, passed by Republican lawmakers, eliminates the county’s elections administrator position in Harris County. This law requires Harris County to transfer all election-related duties to the county clerk and the county tax assessor-collector.


The Texas Supreme Court denied Harris County’s request to temporarily block the new law, Senate Bill 1750, which led to debates on its constitutionality.

What Are The Benefits To Being An Open Primary State?

Open primary systems offer several advantages that can have a profound impact on the electoral process and the political landscape. Below are some of the key benefits, elaborated in detail:

Encourages Voter Participation

One of the most significant advantages of open primaries is that they encourage greater voter turnout. By allowing all registered voters, regardless of party affiliation, to participate, open primaries remove a significant barrier to entry. This inclusivity can be especially encouraging for independent voters, who might otherwise feel alienated from the electoral process. Higher voter turnout lends more legitimacy to the electoral process and ensures that elected officials are more representative of the entire electorate.

Fosters Political Moderation

Open primaries often result in candidates who are more moderate and less partisan. Since candidates must appeal to a broader range of voters, including those from other parties, they are less likely to adopt extreme positions. This can lead to more moderate governance, as elected officials are less beholden to the ideological extremes of their party. In a political climate that is increasingly polarized, the moderating influence of open primaries can be invaluable.

Reduces Negative Campaigning

The need to appeal to a broader electorate can also reduce the prevalence of negative campaigning. Candidates are less likely to engage in attacks that could alienate potential voters from the opposing party. This fosters a more civil and constructive political discourse, which is beneficial for the democratic process.

Enhances Accountability

In closed primary systems, candidates often only need to cater to their base to secure nomination. However, in an open primary, candidates must be accountable to a broader range of voters. This increased accountability can lead to better governance, as elected officials are aware that they must serve the interests of a more diverse electorate.

Enables Strategic Voting

Open primaries allow for strategic voting, where voters can choose to participate in the primary of the party, they consider to be the ‘lesser of two evils.’ While this is sometimes criticized for allowing sabotage voting, it also provides an avenue for voters to influence the political process in a way that aligns more closely with their views, even if they don’t fully support any party.

Provides Flexibility

Open primaries offer voters more flexibility, allowing them to vote for candidates in different parties across different elections. This is particularly beneficial in areas where one party is dominant, as it gives voters a say in what is often the most competitive race.

Encourages New Political Talent

By opening up the electoral process to a broader range of voters, open primaries can also encourage new and diverse political talent. Candidates who might be hesitant to run because they don’t want to align with a particular party may be more willing to throw their hat in the ring.

Open primaries offer a more inclusive, moderate, and accountable electoral process. They encourage higher voter turnout, foster political moderation, and reduce negative campaigning. Additionally, they hold elected officials accountable to a broader electorate, allow for strategic voting, and can even encourage new political talent. While they are not without their criticisms, the benefits they offer make them an attractive option for many states.

Can Previously Convicted Individuals Vote In Open Primaries Election?

According to Section 11.002 of the Texas Election Code, felons are barred from voting until they have fully discharged their court-ordered sentence, parole, or probation. If someone has been pardoned, their right to vote is automatically restored.

Texas law does not consider a conviction that is on appeal to be a final conviction, allowing such individuals to vote.

Specific Scenarios

If you have a felony criminal case pending, it is not considered a final conviction, meaning you can still vote.

If you have been indicted but not convicted, you can vote.

If you’re on deferred adjudication probation, you can vote as it is not considered a final felony conviction.

Restoration of Voting Rights

In Texas, the restoration of one’s right to vote is automatic after the sentence including parole is complete. However, you must re-register to vote.

If you are ineligible to vote but do so anyway, you could be prosecuted for voter fraud. For example, Crystal Mason was sentenced to five years in prison for voting while on supervised release for tax fraud.

In 2016, nearly half a million voters in Texas were disenfranchised due to felonies. This includes over 161,500 people in Texas prisons, over 111,600 on parole, and over 216,000 on felony probation.

The Texas State Law Library provides resources to help those who have been incarcerated re-enter society and understand their voting rights.

Can You Be Charged With Voter Fraud For Voting In Primaries?

You can be charged with voter fraud for voting in primaries if you do not meet the eligibility criteria set by the state. Voter fraud is a serious offense and can result in criminal charges, fines, and even imprisonment. Here are some scenarios where you could be charged with voter fraud in the context of primary elections.

Ineligible Voting

If you are not eligible to vote due to factors like age, citizenship status, or criminal history but still cast a vote, you could be charged with voter fraud. For example, in states where felons are not allowed to vote until they have completed their sentence, parole, or probation, voting while still under these restrictions could result in charges.

Double Voting

Voting in more than one jurisdiction or state is illegal. If you are registered in multiple places and vote in primaries in more than one, you could be charged with voter fraud.

False Identity

Using someone else’s identity to vote is another form of voter fraud. This includes using a deceased person’s name or a fictitious identity.

Party Affiliation

In closed or semi-closed primary states, you must be a registered member of the party who’s primary you wish to vote in. Voting in a party’s primary without being a registered member could be considered fraud.

Multiple Votes

Casting more than one ballot in the same primary is also illegal and could result in voter fraud charges.


Providing false information on your voter registration form, such as lying about your age, citizenship, or address, can also lead to voter fraud charges.

It’s crucial to understand the voting laws in your state, as voter fraud is a serious offense with severe penalties. Always make sure you meet all eligibility requirements before participating in any election, including primaries.

Can There Be Any Defenses Against Voter Fraud In Texas?

In Texas, as in other jurisdictions, being charged with voter fraud is a serious matter that can result in criminal penalties. However, there are several defenses that may be available to individuals accused of voter fraud. It’s important to consult with a qualified attorney to explore the specific defenses that may be applicable to your case. Here are some general defenses that could be considered:

Lack of Intent

One of the key elements in a voter fraud case is the intent to commit fraud. If you can demonstrate that you did not intend to deceive or commit fraud, this could be a strong defense. For example, if you were not aware that you were ineligible to vote due to a prior felony conviction, you might argue that there was no intent to commit fraud.

Mistake or Misunderstanding

A simple mistake or misunderstanding of the law could also serve as a defense. For instance, if you believed you were eligible to vote because you misunderstood the terms of your probation or the restoration of your voting rights, this could potentially be a defense against a voter fraud charge.

Lack of Evidence

The prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that you committed voter fraud. Lack of evidence or insufficient evidence could be a defense. For example, if the only evidence is a mismatched signature and there is no other proof to substantiate the fraud claim, you might argue that the evidence is insufficient.

Identity Theft

If someone else used your identity to vote, you could use this as a defense against voter fraud charges. You would need to provide evidence that your identity was stolen and used without your consent.

Coercion or Duress

If you were forced or coerced into committing voter fraud, you might be able to use this as a defense. However, you would need to provide substantial evidence to support this claim.

Procedural Errors

Sometimes, errors in the arrest or investigation process can be used as a defense. For example, if evidence was obtained illegally, you might be able to argue that it should be excluded from the case, potentially leading to the charges being dropped.

Statute of Limitations

There is a time limit for prosecuting voter fraud cases, known as the statute of limitations. If the time limit has expired, this could serve as a defense against the charges.

It’s crucial to consult with a legal expert to determine the best course of action if you’re facing voter fraud charges. The defenses available to you will depend on the specifics of your case, the evidence against you, and the laws in your jurisdiction.

Need Help? Call Us Now!

Do not forget that when you or anyone you know is facing a criminal charge, you have us, the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, by your side to help you build the best defense case for you. We will work and be in your best interest for you and we will obtain the best possible outcome that can benefit you. We can explain everything you need to know about your trial and how to defend your case best. We can help you step by step through the criminal process.

Therefore, do not hesitate to call us if you find yourself or someone you know that is facing criminal charges unsure about the court system. We will work with you to give you the best type of defense that can help you solve your case. It is vital to have someone explain the result of the charge to you and guide you in the best possible way.

Here at the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, we have professional and knowledgeable criminal law attorneys who are experienced in building a defense case for you that suits your needs for the best possible outcome that can benefit you.

Also, here at the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, you are given a free consultation at your convenience. You may choose to have your appointment via Zoom, google meet, email, or an in-person appointment; and we will provide you with as much advice and information as possible so you can have the best possible result in your case.

Call us now at (281) 810-9760.

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