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Adopting an adult in Texas

Have you ever heard of a fairy tale where an adult gets adopted? Sounds like an enchanting twist, doesn't it? Well, believe it or not, adult adoption is a real-life adventure that brings together love, legalities, and unexpected bonds. So, if you've ever wondered about the fascinating journey of adopting an adult, you've come to the right place! Today, we're diving headfirst into this extraordinary realm, where age is just a number and hearts are open wide.

Short Answer: Why Adopt an Adult? Because Love Knows No Age

Reasons to keep reading:

  1. Unexpected Love Stories: Get ready to be captivated by heartwarming anecdotes of adults finding their forever families and creating unbreakable bonds.
  2. Navigating the Legal Maze: We'll break down the eligibility criteria, legal requirements, and documentation needed to make adult adoption a reality.
  3. Emotional Rollercoaster: Explore the social and emotional aspects that come with adult adoption, including the joy, challenges, and transformative experiences for both adoptive parents and adults finding their sense of belonging.
  4. Building a Secure Future: Delve into the legal implications of adult adoption, such as inheritance rights, estate planning, and decision-making authority.
  5. Tips and Resources: Discover a wealth of support resources, organizations, and financial assistance options available to guide you through the adult adoption journey.

So, fasten your seatbelt and get ready for a wild ride through the world of adult adoption. Let's embark on this remarkable adventure together and witness the power of love transcending age.

Unveiling the Unexpected: The Wonderful World of Adopting an Adult

Embarking on the journey of adopting another adult can be both time-consuming and incredibly rewarding. At the Law Office of Bryan Fagan, we understand the importance of providing you with the knowledge and guidance to navigate this process effectively. In today's blog post, we'll highlight the steps involved, highlighting how an attorney can expedite the process and help you achieve your adoption goals efficiently.

Who can file a case for an adult adoption in Texas?

In Texas, any adult can file for the adoption of another adult. However, two essential requirements must be met. Firstly, you must be a resident of Texas. Secondly, the adult you wish to adopt must consent to the adoption. Demonstrating to a judge that both conditions are fulfilled can increase the likelihood of a successful adoption.




The adopting party must be a resident of Texas.

Consent of the Adult

The adult being adopted must provide consent to be adopted by the adopting party.

Filing Location

The adult adoption case is filed in the county's district court or the court designated to handle family law cases, based on the county of residence.

Document Title

The document to be filed is an Original Petition for Adoption of an Adult.

Filing Fees

There is a filing fee associated with filing a civil case in the county. The specific fee can be found on the district clerk's or court clerk's website.

Fee Waiver

If unable to afford the filing fees, the adopting party can request the judge to waive the fees by providing proof of financial inability through court paperwork.


The adopting party is referred to as the petitioner, as they are requesting relief from the court through the adoption of an adult.


Unlike most family law cases, there is no requirement for a respondent in an adult adoption case. The biological parents are not required to be involved in the proceedings.

Termination of Parental Rights (Not Required for Adults)

Unlike adopting a minor child, there is no need to terminate the parental rights of the adult being adopted in an adult adoption case.

Where does an adult adoption case get filed?

The location for filing an adult adoption case in Texas depends on the county where you reside. Typically, the case would be filed in either the county district court or in a court designated to handle family law matters. If not a district court, it could be a county court or county court at law. The document you'll be filing is known as an Original Petition for Adoption of an Adult.

Fees and costs associated with filing an adult adoption case

When initiating any civil case in Texas, a filing fee is typically required in your county. These fees are usually posted on the district clerk's website or the court clerk's website where your case will be filed. However, if you lack the financial resources to pay these fees, you can request the judge waive them. You'll need to provide proof of your inability to afford the costs by completing the necessary paperwork with the court.

Understanding the petitioner's role in an adult adoption case

In legal terms, the party who requests something from the court is known as the "petitioner." As the petitioner in an adult adoption case, you are formally asking the judge for relief in a specific aspect of your life—the adoption of an adult. If you are married, it's important to note that your spouse must also be listed as a petitioner.

The role of a respondent in an adult adoption case

Unlike most family law cases, there is no requirement to list a respondent in a petition to adopt an adult. Since the person being adopted is an adult, there is no legal obligation to provide notice of the adoption to their biological parents or involve them in the case. This distinguishes adult adoption from the adoption of a minor child, where parental rights termination is typically required.

Involuntary adoption of an adult: Myth or Reality?

In the world of adoption, we often hear stories of children being adopted against their wishes in the best interest of their well-being. However, when it comes to adult adoption, no such scenario exists. Regardless of your generous intentions, you cannot adopt an adult against their will. Before proceeding with the adoption, you must converse with the adult and obtain their consent. This consent must be formally manifested through a written document filed with the court.

Time spent in court: What to expect in an adult adoption case

In an adult adoption case, both you and the adult you seek to adopt will have a duty to attend at least one court hearing. However, certain circumstances may arise that justify your absence or the absence of the adult adoptee from a hearing. In such cases, you must file a motion stating your inability to appear in person. The judge will review the motion and determine if there is sufficient cause to excuse your absence.

Throughout this process, it's crucial to work closely with your attorney to ensure compliance with court appearances and provide any necessary justifications for your absence.

Now that we've covered the initial steps and legal aspects of adult adoption in Texas, our journey continues in the following sections. Stay tuned as we explore the comprehensive process, potential challenges, and the emotional impact of adult adoption on both the adoptive parent(s) and the adopted adult.

What actually happens in an adult adoption case?

In an adult adoption case, the adult you seek to adopt will be named your son or daughter, just as if he or she had been your son or daughter since birth. Your new child would have the right to inherit from you upon your death, whether or not you have a will naming that child as your beneficiary. Your child would likely be unable to inherit anything from their former parent's estate. You may also request to have your adopted adult-child's name changed. Adopting an adult does not mean you will impact that person's immigration status.

A judge will not automatically approve of your request to adopt an adult. If the judge believes that the adoption is being requested for the adult adoptee to avoid paying a debt or that the adoption is moving forward because either you or the adult child cannot voice dissent to the adoption.

Why would you want to adopt an adult in Texas?

This is the main question that comes to my mind that most people would want to know when it comes to this subject. Adopting a child makes sense on a lot of levels. Children need guidance. Children need to be provided for. Children need someone to help them get an education. Adults have (theoretically) finished up with school, have jobs and have means by which they can care for themselves.

While adopting an adult can be done for symbolic reasons, there can also be legally based reasons for an adult adoption. For instance, if you are a foster parent you may be interested in adopting an adult you previously cared for in your foster home and has now aged out of the foster care system.

If you are a stepparent of an adult stepchild, then you may want to allow that stepchild you raised to gain the legal rights available to them as if they were your biological child. We have already listed inheritance benefits as just one of these rights.

Why would you wait until a child in an adult to begin the adoption process?

There are practical reasons why you would wait until your child is 18 until the adoption process begins. In some instances, the adult child you seek to adopt does not want to formally acknowledge the person who raised them as their legal parent until they are adults. The child could then reach out to you and express this desire.

As the adoptive parent, you may wait until your child turns 18 because the child's biological parent(s) would disapprove of the process. Another possibility is that the child was being ably raised by a relative and the child's biological parents' location was unknown.

Unfortunately, some biological parents cannot participate in the adoption process without being disruptive or, worse, violent. If you have any questions about how stable the biological parent is, you are advised not to begin the adoption process until they reach adulthood. An exception would be if you believe the child to be in harm's way in that home.

There are obvious emotional aspects to adult adoption, as well. A sense of stability, comfort and belonging to a familial unit comes with adoption. That may not have occurred to a child but now occurs to him or her as an adult. I have worked with adults who are in their 40s and 50s who wish to initiate adoption proceedings as a "tip of the cap" to the adult who helped raise him or her.

Legal effects of adult adoption in Texas

As we have already touched on, your adopted child would have inheritance rights to your estate when it comes time for that to be relevant. State law is relevant to your situation if you die without a will. In that case, the law of Texas will dictate who can inherit from you and in what order in comparison to other relatives of yours. Only blood relatives inherit from a person upon their death. Spouses and adopted children are exceptions to this law. Importantly, this means that if you are adopting an adult and are not married and have no other children, your adopted child will inherit property from you to the exclusion of any other relative.

In the event that you do have a will, adopting a child will allow your child some protection if other family members contest your will. In many cases, if a person leaves money or property to someone other than a spouse or biological child there are opportunities to contest the validity of that will. When you adopt a person who will go to "the front of the line" for inheritance, you ask setting the child up to have to withstand a challenge to their viability to inherit from you.

You must consider all of these factors before you move to adopt an adult for inheritance, or other purposes. If you have adult children of your own you may want to discuss your desire to adopt an adult in your life and the reasons why you want to do so. Many children (understandably) will have questions for you. It may be wise to have that discussion in advance instead of surprising your adult-children with your decision to adopt a child. In this way, your adult children will not feel like they have been blindsided.

Whatever your decision, while hiring an attorney may not be essential for your particular adult adoption case, it is always wise to speak to someone with knowledge of the legal system before beginning a case. Your time and money are on the line, in addition to the emotional components of the case. An attorney is a great resource to check in with for no other reason than to make sure that you are filing your documents correctly. A little help in this regard can help ensure that you can complete the adoption reasonably quickly and easily.

Adopting an Adult: A Journey of Love and Legalities

When it comes to adoption, our minds often envision the joyous process of bringing a child into a loving family. However, there is another lesser-known path—one that involves adopting an adult. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the intricacies of adult adoption in Texas. From eligibility criteria to legal requirements, from emotional aspects to the role of the court, we will navigate this unique journey step by step. So, let's embark on this heartwarming and legally significant adventure of adopting an adult.

Eligibility Criteria: A Loving Home for All

Before diving into the world of adult adoption, it's important to understand the eligibility criteria for prospective adoptive parents. The State of Texas believes that everyone, regardless of age, deserves a chance at a loving home. As such, there are no restrictions on who can file for the adoption of another adult. However, two specific requirements must be met: the adopting party must reside in Texas, and the adult being adopted must consent to the adoption.

Establishing Residency: The Texas Connection

Residency is a crucial factor in adult adoption cases. To file an adult adoption case in Texas, you must establish your residency in the state. Each county in Texas has designated courts for family law cases, where you would file your adult adoption case. Whether it's a district court, county court, or county court at law, the specific court depends on the county in which you reside. The key document you'll file is the "Original Petition for Adoption of an Adult."

The Role of an Attorney: Guiding You Through the Process

Navigating the legal landscape of adult adoption can be complex and time-consuming. That's where an experienced attorney becomes an invaluable ally. An attorney specializing in family law can provide vital assistance, helping you understand the process and accelerating it. From completing paperwork correctly to representing your interests in court, an attorney's expertise can make the journey smoother and more efficient.

The Adult Adoption Process: Steps and Timeline

Now that we've explored the initial stages, let's delve into the adult adoption process itself. The process typically involves several key steps, each bringing you closer to welcoming your adopted adult into your family. While the timeline may vary depending on the specific circumstances, here is a general overview of the process:

  1. Initial Consultation: Meet with an attorney to discuss your intentions and gather information.
  2. Filing the Petition: Prepare and file the "Original Petition for Adoption of an Adult" with the designated court.
  3. Consent of the Adult: Ensure that the adult being adopted provides their consent through a written document.
  4. Background Checks: Undergo background checks, including criminal history and child abuse registry checks.
  5. Home Study: In some cases, a home study may be required to assess the suitability of the adoptive home.
  6. Court Hearing: Attend a court hearing where the judge will review the case and make a decision.
  7. Finalization: If the judge approves the adoption, complete the necessary paperwork to finalize the adoption legally.

While this process may seem daunting, an experienced attorney can guide you through each step, ensuring that you comply with all legal requirements.

Required Documentation: Paperwork and Proof

As with any legal process, adult adoption requires the proper documentation. The specific paperwork may vary based on your unique circumstances and the county in which you reside. However, some common documents typically required in an adult adoption case in Texas include:

  • Original Petition for Adoption of an Adult
  • Affidavit of Consent to Adoption
  • Criminal history and child abuse registry clearances
  • Medical reports or evaluations, if necessary
  • Financial statements and proof of income
  • Proof of residency in Texas
  • Marriage certificate, if applicable
  • Identification documents for all parties involved

Working closely with your attorney, you can ensure that all the necessary documents are prepared and filed correctly, saving you time and avoiding unnecessary complications.

Consent Requirements: Mutual Agreement for a New Chapter

In adult adoption cases, the consent of the adult being adopted is crucial. The adopting party must demonstrate to the court that the adult being adopted has willingly agreed to the adoption. This consent is typically manifested through a written document, filed with the court as part of the adoption process. This requirement ensures that adult adoption is a consensual and mutually agreed-upon decision.

Rights and Responsibilities: Embracing a New Chapter

Once the adult adoption is finalized, the adoptive parent(s) assume legal rights and responsibilities towards the adopted adult. The adopted adult is legally recognized as a son or daughter, with all the accompanying rights, including the right to inherit from the adoptive parent(s). Regardless of whether there is a will, an adopted adult has the right to inherit from their adoptive parent(s) in Texas, even to the exclusion of other blood relatives.

Name Change: A Symbolic Transformation

In adult adoption cases, the adoptive parent(s) may request a name change for the adopted adult. This process allows the adopted adult to embrace their new identity fully and reflect their newfound legal status as a member of the adoptive family. While not mandatory, a name change can symbolize the beginning of a new chapter and further solidify the familial bond.

Challenges and Obstacles: Navigating the Journey

Like any legal process, adult adoption can present challenges and obstacles along the way. It's essential to be aware of these potential hurdles and know how to address them. Some common challenges in adult adoption cases include:

  • Biological Parents: Unlike minor child adoptions, adult adoptions do not require notification or involvement of the adult's biological parents. However, complications may arise if the biological parents contest the adoption or create disruptions during the process. In such cases, legal counsel can help navigate these challenges effectively.
  • Financial Considerations: Adult adoption may involve filing fees and other associated costs. If financial constraints hinder your ability to pay these fees, you can request the court to waive them. Presenting proof of your financial circumstances and filling out the necessary paperwork can help demonstrate your need for fee waivers.
  • Emotional Complexities: Adult adoption carries emotional weight for all parties involved. It's important to consider the emotional impact on the adopted adult, the adoptive parent(s), and their existing family dynamics. Open communication, empathy, and professional support can help address and navigate these emotional complexities.

By understanding potential challenges and seeking the guidance of an experienced attorney, you can overcome these obstacles and ensure a smoother adoption journey.

Adult Adoption vs. Adoption of a Minor: Key Distinctions

Adult adoption differs significantly from the adoption of a minor child in Texas. While both processes involve creating legal family bonds, there are distinct differences worth noting:

  • Consent Requirements: Adult adoption necessitates the consent of the adult being adopted, while the adoption of a minor child requires the termination of the biological parents' parental rights.
  • Involvement of Biological Parents: There is no legal requirement to involve or notify the adult's biological parents in adult adoption. In contrast, minor child adoptions require termination of the parental rights and often involve notifying and obtaining consent from the biological parents.
  • Inheritance Rights: Adopted adults have inheritance rights from their adoptive parent(s) in Texas, even without a will. This differs from the inheritance rights of minor children, which are subject to parental rights termination and specific legal procedures.

Understanding these distinctions is essential in effectively navigating the legal landscape of adult adoption.

Implications on Inheritance and Estate Planning: Ensuring a Secure Future

One significant legal effect of adult adoption relates to inheritance rights and estate planning. Upon the adoptive parent's death, the adopted adult has the right to inherit from their adoptive parent's estate, regardless of the presence of a will. Only blood relatives, spouses, and adopted children have inheritance rights from a deceased person in Texas. If you adopt an adult without any other children or spouse, they will inherit property from you, excluding any other blood relatives.

Additionally, adult adoption can provide a layer of protection for the adopted adult if other family members contest the adoptive parent's will. By establishing a legal parent-child relationship through adoption, the adopted adult's claim to inheritance can be more secure.

Before proceeding with adult adoption for inheritance purposes or any other reason, it's crucial to consider these legal implications carefully. Discussing your intentions with adult children and allowing them to ask questions can help maintain open lines of communication and prevent any sense of being blindsided.

Social and Emotional Aspects: Building Bonds and Creating Belonging

Adult adoption goes beyond legal formalities. It holds profound social and emotional significance for both the adoptive parent(s) and the adopted adult. It is a symbolic affirmation of the familial bond and a testament to the love and care that has been shared.

For some adult adoptees, the realization of the need for adoption may come later in life. As adults, they may seek to honor and acknowledge the person who helped shape their lives. In these cases, adult adoption can provide a sense of stability, comfort, and belonging within the family unit.

Emotional aspects vary for each individual and family, but the underlying theme is the recognition and celebration of the unique connection that has been forged through love, support, and shared experiences.

Support Resources: Guidance Along the Journey

Embarking on an adult adoption journey can feel overwhelming at times. Fortunately, resources and organizations are available to provide guidance, support, and a sense of community for individuals involved in adult adoption cases in Texas. These resources can offer valuable information, emotional support, and connections to other families who have traveled similar paths. Consulting these resources can help you navigate the complexities of adult adoption and find reassurance along the way.

Adoption Laws and Regulations: Navigating the Legal Framework

As with any legal process, adult adoption is governed by specific laws and regulations in Texas. Understanding these laws is crucial for a successful adoption journey. Adoption laws in Texas outline adult adoption cases' procedures, requirements, and protections. Familiarizing yourself with the applicable laws and working closely with an experienced attorney ensures compliance and helps streamline the process.

Considerations for Existing Parents: Expanding Your Family Bonds

For individuals who are already parents and wish to adopt an adult child, there are specific considerations to keep in mind. Introducing a new family member through adult adoption can have implications for existing family dynamics. It's important to approach the subject with open communication, addressing any concerns or questions that may arise from adult children or other family members. By involving existing family members in the decision-making process, you can foster understanding and unity.

Legal Effects on Decision-Making: Matters of Guardianship and Medical Care

Adult adoption can have legal effects beyond inheritance rights. It may impact decision-making processes, such as guardianship and medical care. Once an adult adoption is finalized, the adopted adult may have the legal right to participate in important decisions regarding their adoptive parent(s)' well-being, including healthcare choices and guardianship designations. These legal effects ensure that the adopted adult has a voice and an active role in their adoptive family's life.

Alternative Options: Exploring Different Legal Relationships

While adult adoption is a common path for establishing legal relationships with an adult, there are alternative options worth considering. For instance, guardianship or power of attorney can provide legal recognition and decision-making authority without going through the adoption process. It's essential to evaluate your situation's specific needs and circumstances to determine the most appropriate legal avenue.

Cross-State Adult Adoption: Navigating Interstate Considerations

In some cases, adult adoption involves crossing state lines. If either the adopting party or the adult being adopted resides in a different state, additional considerations may come into play. It's crucial to understand the laws and requirements of both states involved and ensure compliance with interstate adoption regulations. Consulting with an attorney experienced in cross-state adoption can help navigate any complexities that may arise.

Adoption Subsidies and Financial Assistance: Easing the Financial Burden

Adult adoption can entail financial expenses, including filing fees and associated costs. However, financial limitations should not hinder building a loving family through adoption. In Texas, there may be adoption subsidies and financial assistance programs available to help alleviate the financial burden. Exploring these options can provide the necessary support to make adult adoption a reality.

The Role of the Court: Embracing the Legal Process

Throughout the adult adoption proceedings, the court plays a crucial role in reviewing and approving the adoption. The judge carefully evaluates the case, ensuring that the adoption is in the best interests of all parties involved. Attending court hearings is a fundamental part of the adult adoption journey, where you present your case and receive the final decision from the judge. Understanding the court's role and preparing for the hearings can help ease any anxieties and uncertainties.

Conclusion: Embrace the Extraordinary Journey of Adult Adoption

Congratulations! You've now embarked on an adventure through the world of adult adoption in Texas. You've gained valuable insights into this remarkable process, from the eligibility criteria and legal requirements to the emotional complexities and financial considerations.

Short Answer: Why Adopt an Adult? Because Love Knows No Age

But before we bid farewell, let's reflect on the remarkable stories that adult adoption unveils. Picture this: a foster parent extending their loving arms to an adult who aged out of the system or a stepparent granting their stepchild the legal rights they deserve. These heartwarming tales remind us that family bonds can be forged at any stage of life.

As you navigate the legal maze, remember that support is always within reach. From community organizations to financial assistance programs, resources are available to guide you on this path. And let's not forget the importance of finding an experienced attorney who will be your trusty sidekick, ensuring a smooth and efficient adoption journey.

Now, fasten your seatbelt as you prepare to embrace the joys, challenges, and transformative experiences of adopting an adult. From court hearings to name changes, legal decisions to emotional revelations, this journey will shape your life and the life of the adult you choose to welcome into your family.

So, let your heart lead the way, open your arms wide, and let the magic of adult adoption unfold. Remember, age is just a number when creating bonds that transcend time and celebrate the power of love.

We hope this blog post has equipped you with the knowledge and inspiration to embark on your adult adoption adventure. Get ready to embark on a journey filled with love, connection, and the joy of building a family that defies conventional boundaries.

Safe travels on your extraordinary path of adult adoption!

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  10. Voluntarily Relinquishing Your Parental Rights in Texas
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  12. Stepparents and Adoption in Texas: Expanding Your Family
  13. Texas Adoption FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions: Adult Adoption in Texas

How much does it cost to adopt someone over 18 in Texas?

The cost of adopting someone over 18 in Texas can vary. It typically includes filing fees, attorney fees, and any associated legal expenses. The specific costs depend on factors such as the complexity of the case and whether any additional services are required. It's recommended to consult with an adoption attorney for an accurate estimate of the costs involved.

Can my step dad adopt me at 26?

Yes, in Texas, an adult adoption can occur at any age. If you are 18 years or older, your step dad can legally adopt you with your consent and the approval of the court. The age of the adoptee does not prevent the adoption from taking place.

Can my step dad adopt me if my dad died?

If your biological father has passed away, it may be possible for your step dad to adopt you. However, specific legal requirements and procedures must be followed, including obtaining consent from any living biological parents, if applicable. Consulting with an adoption attorney can help you understand the process and requirements in your situation.

Can my step dad adopt me without my dad's permission?

In general, the consent of all legal parents or guardians is required for an adoption to take place. If your biological father still has parental rights, his consent would typically be necessary for your step dad to adopt you. However, there may be exceptions in certain circumstances. It is important to consult with an adoption attorney who can provide guidance based on the specifics of your case.

How much does it cost for my step mom to adopt me?

Similar to the cost of adopting someone over 18, the expenses associated with a step mom adopting you can vary. These may include filing fees, attorney fees, and other related costs. The total cost will depend on the specifics of your case and the services required. It is advisable to consult with an adoption attorney to obtain an accurate estimate of the expenses involved.

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